1.5 Have yon ever heard of the fabulous leechcraft of Doctor Sun Simian? high level, a number of cxcellenm doctors came forth. Sun Siriiao is one of them.
In Sun Sirniao¡¯s hometown is widely bandied such a tale. One day when Sun Simian was on his way home, he came across four guys who were carrying a coffin to the wildness. Out of the blue he saw drips of blood seeping out of the coffin. He hurried up to the porlers and asked, ¡°Who¡¯s the dead in the coffin? When did the dead breathe her last breath?¡± He was told that in the coffin lie a pregnant woman. She had gone through a difficult labor and failed in delivering the body . She died only a moment ago. Sun Sirnao demanded, Is it OK to open the coffin and let me take a look. I am probably able to bring her to life. ¡° When the family of the dead learned that Sun Simiao was a doctor, they decided hesitatingly to have the coffin opened, though they are still in doubt. Sun Simian felt the pregnant woman¡¯s pulse to find it beating weakly and then pricked an acupuncture needle into a acupoint. Soon afterward the woman came to herself and the baby came out with a cry as well,WOW! One needle saved two lives. The family got shocked at it. Sun Simia composed his book Prescription Worth a Thousand Gold for ?Emergencies in 652 AD. Thirty years later, when Sun Simiao was over 100 years old, he wrote an other book A Supplement to Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold, which records more than 6, 500 prescriptions he collected in the 30 years subsequent to the first book. The book was descended to later generation poplary.
1.6 Are yen aware of the famous medical work An Outline of Herbal Medicine? An Outline of Herbal Medicine is moment work of pharmacology.The book, known as an earlier-composed encycloieclia in the biology field, acts not only as a briflian achievement in TCM development , but also a momentous contribution to the world¡¯s rnediicine and biology.
After being published in Wanli Period of Ming Dyriasty (1573- 1619 AD), An Oulline of Herbal Medicine was spread rapidly to Japan, Korea arid Vietnam, and then to Europe in the 17th and18Ih centuries, Jr lured -a world-wide attention arid was highly valued by the world, it was also published successively in English, Frenrh German, Russian and Latin. In Human Variation And Origins: An Introduction To Biology And Evolution written b British biologist Charles Rohert Darwin (1809-1882) ,the description that golden fish varies color was cited from An Outline of Herbal Medicine as a pnncipal evidence for Darwin¡¯s scientific arguments. It is obvious that An Outline of Herbal Medicine is considerably valuable and influential
The author of this colossal Work is Shizhun who was a great physician and pharmacologist in the Jiajing PerLod and Wanli Period of Ming dynasty. His most significant contribution falls on the study and organizing of berba medicines. An Outline of Herbal.Medicine is a monograph on tnedication. In his age-long medicine practice, Li Shizhen discovered that there had been a great amount of mismaiches and deficiencies and even ?inaccuracies in herbal medicine books which, Li Shizhen affinned, might lead to dangerous consequences. Given this fact, he was determined to write a book on herbal medicine. Li Shizhcn dedicated all his lifetime to this immortal work. It is a pity that he passed away no sooner than the manuscript had just been finalized. He failed to witness the published book in his lifetimec.
2 The Knowledge of the Basic Theory of TCM
2. 1 What are the essential characteristics of TCM?
The theoretical system of TCM mainly embodies the following two essential characteristics.
(1)the concept of wholism
Wholeness means unity and integrity. TCM pays attention to the unity and integrity of the body , and interrelation between the human body and nature. The human body itself is seen an organic whole. Every part composing the body is inter-cooperative and interinfluenced. The human body is also closely related to external natural surroundings. This idea of unity between interior and exterior conditions, and wholeness of the body itself is called the ¡°concept of whole it ¡±
The human body as an organic whole The human body is composed of a number of viscera, organs and tissues, which have their own respective functions. Every functions. however , is a component of the general activity, and inter-influence pathologically.
Humans are tied to nature , and there is in nature an essential co ndinion for people to live. Changes in nature, therefore, may directly or indirectly influence the body and according cause physiological or pathological reactions.
(2)Treatment determination based on syndrome differentiation
Treatment detemxination based on syndrome differentiation is an essential principle in TCM in understanding and treating disease. It is a specific research and treatment method of disease in TCM, and also one of the essential characteristics of TCM.
¡±Syndrome differentiation¡± includes analyzing, differentiating and recognizing syndrot ries of disease.
¡±Treatment dcterminaion¡± includes deciding on an appropriate therapeutic measure according to syndrome differentiation Synd rcme differentiation is the prerequisite and basis for determing treatment.
Treatment determination is the means to treat disease, and also involves examination of whether syndrome differentiation is correct or not. Syndrome differentiation and treatment determination are inseparable in the process of diagnosis and treatment of disease, and embody the combination of theory and practice.
Treatment determination based on syndrome different both from common symptomatic treatment.¡°Reatment according to dif ferent diseaset¡± in modern medicine.different stages of a disease, there may appear different syndromes; and in different diseases die same syndrome may appear different syndromes in one disease should be treated by dilferent treatments; while different diseases, as long as they express the same syndrome, can be treated with the same treatment.. It should be noted that ¡°syndronie¡± is a suinniary of the cause , place and nature of a disease, and a situation of mutual conflict betwccn pathogenic factors and resistance.
What are Yin-Yang and the five elements doctrines?
Yin-Yang and the five elements can be traced to ancient Chinose philosophy. Yin and Yang arc two aspects of the unity of opposite things. The five elements refer to the most basic elements in nature and include wood, fire, earth, metal and water, Each has its own properties, and yet promote and restrict each other. In ancient China TCM doctors applied Yin- Yang and the five elements doetrincs to physiological functions, pathological changes of the human body, diagnosis and treatment.It is important component of theory in TCM.
Maijor concepts of Yin-Yang theory:
(1) Opposition of Yin- Yang. opposition of Yin and Yang means that two opposite aspects exist for all things and phenomena in nature.
(2) Interdependence of Ying- Yang.The two sides of Yin and Yang are both opposite and interdependent, and neither of them can exist by its own without the other.
(3) Wax-wane ol Yin-Yang. The two inter-opposite and inter dependent skies of Yin and Yang are not in a statc of stillness. but in a state of dynamnc change. or in a state of ¡°Yn wane with Yang wax¡± and ¡°Yang wane with Yn wax¡± . This dynamic change of wane and wax berween Yin aind Yang is called ¡°wane-wax of Yin and Yang¡±.
(4) Iranslormation of Yin-Yang. rrhis relates to two sides of Yin and Yang under certain concliticins transfoniiing themselves mm each other, such as Yin may turning into Yang, and Yang into Yin.