Holistic Health Encyclopedia
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N-Acetyl Cysteine - is a derivative of the amino acid cysteine.
Originally developed by scientists at Mead Johnson, it has been used for more than 30 years to reduce upper respiratory mucous secretions & thus to
help with a variety of upper respiratory ailments. It works by cleaving certain chemical bonds found in mucous.
NAC also provides immune support. A double blind 6 month study in the elderly showed NAC significantly reduced the frequency, severity, & duration
of flu-like episodes.
NAC supports liver detoxification pathways (phase II glucoronidation.)
Low cysteine levels are often found in HIV patients. They have been found to be helped by NAC, which protected against mitochondrial DNA damage, which
in turn decreased the replication of the virus.
NAC may be used to:
- Decrease chronic sinusitis, chronic middle ear infections, symptoms & flareups.
- Help emphysema, & other chronic obstructive lung disease symptoms.
- Useful with liver disorders.
- Protect against alcohol, tobacco, auto exhaust, & other chemical toxicity.
- Protect against the side effects of some chemotherapy agents, & radiation treatment.
- For a precursor to increase your body's levels of glutathione.
- Treat Tylenol overdoses.
N-acetyl-D-glucosamine - has a polysaccharide-marine protein fraction with a tremendous affinity & similarity to human skin. NADG comprises
part of the shells of crabs, shrimp & oceanic micro-organisms. One form of NADG is used to make artificial skin for burn victims & to make suture
thread. It has also been used to treat dermatitis & rashes.
Group of drugs with potent analgesic effects, associated with alteration of mood and behavior. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, codeine, morphine, and the morphine derivative heroin. Narcotics are thought to act by mimicking and/or enhancing the activity of endorphins, proteins produced by the brain and believed to modulate pain and other nervous system functions. Narcotics are valuable in numbing the senses, alleviating pain, inducing sleep, and relieving diarrhea. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, and allergic reactions. In large doses, narcotics can cause respiratory depression, coma, and death. All narcotics are addictive; synthetic narcotics such as meperidine and methadone tend to be less addicting and possess fewer side effects, but they are also less potent.
A common symptom of food sensitivities.
Kill or cause to die.
Physicians who are experts in diseases of the kidney.
The study of the kidney and it’s functioning.
The anatomical and functional unit of the kidney, consisting of the renal corpuscle, the proximal convoluted tubule, the descending and ascending limbs of Henle's loop, the distal convoluted tubule, and the collecting tubule. Acts as a filter for the blood and as a recycleing center by reabsorbing water and other desireable elements.
A tube place into the kidney through the skin that is used to drain the kidney.
1. Pertaining to a nerve or to the nerves. 2. Situated in the region of the spinal axis, as the neural arch.
An abnormal functioning bladder due to a neurologic cause.
Toxic substances that have particularly strong effects on the nervous system and its activity.
A study of exhaled breath in New Jersey residents showed the appearance of at least 10 known neurotoxicants in "otherwise healthy individuals."
These neurotoxicants included carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, dichlorobenzene, ethyl benzene, styrene, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethane,
trichloroethylene, xylene, and benzene.
is the subdivision of toxicology that examines the impact of endo- and exotoxins on the nervous system. All toxic agents are not equally
neurotoxic. In other words, some toxic substances have particularly strong effects on the nervous system and its activity. For example, mercury,
a heavy metal toxicant, has been shown to undergo incorporation into the amino acid cysteine, forming a new molecule called methylmercury cysteine.
Accumulations of this molecule are associated with a variety of nervous system disorders, including alterations in vision, ataxias, and
substances in the brain that carry chemical messages from one nerve cell (neuron) to another. Nerve cells have specialized receptors for
receiving neurotransmitted signals. In the brain, nervous system activity depends upon proper balance of these neurotransmitter substances and
receptor activity that is neither excessive nor deficient. Overstimulation of the neurotransmitter receptors has been shown to be involved with a
variety of neurological disorders, including stroke, epilepsy, and Huntington's disease. One series of key links in the process appears to be
overstimulation of receptors by excitatory amino acids. Overstimulation of the n-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, for example, has been shown
to occur along with overproduction of nitric oxide in the body, and it may play a key role in the neurological problems associated with chronic
fatigue and immunodeficiency syndrome (CFIDS), and other related disorders.
Chemical that transmits information across the junction (synapse) that separates one nerve cell (neuron) from another nerve cell or a muscle. Neurotransmitters are stored in the nerve cell's bulbous end (axon). When an electrical impulse traveling along the nerve reaches the axon, the neurotransmitter is released and travels across the synapse, either prompting or inhibiting continued impulses. There are more than 300 known neurotransmitters, including the endorphins and acetylcholine.
Neutracare Mint Gel
See fluoride topical
An electrically neutral or uncharged particle of matter existing along with protons in the atoms of all elements except the mass 1 isotope of hydrogen. Symbol n.
Niacin has been extensively featured in the media. As with all B vitamins, it is commonly deficient. Foods high in niacin are peanuts, yeast,
organ meats, tuna, halibut, swordfish, chicken, turkey, wheat bran, soy flour, brown rice, eggs, & beans. A small amount of niacin can be produced in
your body from dietary tryptophan. Niacin is often deficient in the elderly.
Niacin's major functions are:
- As a co-enzyme in carbohydrate & lipid metabolism & oxygen utilization.
- Critical to energy production.
- Important for the health of the brain, skin, & digestive organs.
- Maintains manufacture of hormones, proteins, & lipids.
- Stimulates gastric & bile secretion.
- Short attention span/hyperactivity/poor concentration(500-6000 mg daily)
- Irritability, insomnia, emotional instability
- To decrease cholesterol levels
- Apathy, weakness, low energy
- Helps clear toxins from the body
- Reduce alcohol craving & drug & alcohol withdrawal (1000-3000mg daily)
- Canker sores
- Inflammation/fissures of lips
- Recurring headaches
- Poor circulation
- Improves lost appetite
- Burning sensations anywhere on body
- Tardive dyskinesia (100-500 mg daily)
- Raynaud's disease
OTHER SYMPTOMS OF DEFICIENCY:
- Memory loss
- Mental & physical fatigue
- Worry, anxiety, fear, suspicion
- Muscle weakness
- Arm & leg pains
- Low or no stomach acid
- Abdominal pains
- Indigestion, gas
- Skin pigmentation
- Skin eruptions & dermatitis
- Sore mouth
- Coated red tipped tongue
- Retarded growth
Niacin commonly causes a flush of the skin characterized by a prickly hot sensation & possibly itching. This is more apt to occur when it is
taken with an inadequate amount of food & is therefore absorbed more quickly than it is with a larger meal. Onset of the flush is within 20 minutes-1
hour & it usually lasts 20 minutes-1 1/2 hours. Some people like the feeling, others don't.
Niacinamide is the amide form of nicotinic acid (Niacin). It is often used interchangeably with niacin. Some prefer it because it does not
create a flush as does niacin.
- Year discovered: 1751
- Atomic No.: 28
- Symbol: Ni
- Atomic weight: 58.71
- Melting point: 1,453?C
Nickel is a light gray metal used primarily in stainless and specialty steel production, plating and high-temperature alloys. The stainless steel sector consumes about two-thirds of the world's primary nickel. U.S. production of nickel-bearing stainless steel was 12 percent greater in 1997 than in 1996 despite a slowdown in the second half of 1997, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Since 1975, world demand for stainless steel has grown at an average of 4.5 percent per year. Analysts said they believed the growth rate will continue or even accelerate over the next 20 years, encouraging extensive new nickel mines in North America, Australia and Oceania.
People with night blindness see poorly at night but see normally during the day. The condition does not actually involve true blindness, even at night.
A family of vegetables including:
People with autoimmune diseases such as arthritis and psoriasis should avoid the nightshades as they cause flare-ups of autoimmune symptoms.
Many arthritics have already associated the ingestion of nightshade vegetables (tomato, potato, eggplant and peppers) with an increase in symptoms.
Researchers have suggested that this connection is due to the solanine (a poisonous chemical substance) content of these foods.
A trace mineral
People with night blindness see poorly at night but see normally during the day. The condition does not actually involve true blindness, even at night.
- 1. a colorless, gaseous element found free in the air; symbol, N; specific gravity, 0.9713; atomic number, 7; atomic weight, 14.007. It constitutes part of the atmosphere, forming about four fifths of common air. Chemically, it is almost inert, but forms by combination nitric acid and ammonia. Nitrogen is important biologically, being a constituent of protein and nucleic acids and thus present in all living cells. It is a gas unfitted to support respiration: not a poison, but proving fatal if breathed alone, because of the want of oxygen. It is soluble in the blood and body fluids and when released as bubbles of gas by reduction of atmospheric pressure causes serious symptoms.
- 2. N2; nitrogen containing not less than 99 per cent, by volume, of N2. It is used to replace air in pharmaceutical preparations.
Nix Cream Rinse
See permethrin topical
n-methyl-d-aspartate - NMDA receptors are part of the brain's neuro-excitatory pathway. When activated, these receptors allow calcium and
sodium ions to pass freely into the nerve cells.
In CFIDS NMDA receptors become substantially more active than GABA receptors, so stimuli like light and noise, which ordinarily would not cause
an experience of pain, become able to do so.
Nitric Oxide - A key component in the upregulation, or excessive activity, of NMDA receptors in CFIDS may involve overproduction of the gas
nitric oxide (NO). This molecule, itself a neurotransmitter, has been associated with stimulation of the NMDA receptor system when released into
the nervous system. Downregulation of NO production through nutritional supplementation has shown promise in the treatment of CFIDS.
Involuntary voiding during sleep
The malignant lymphomas are traditionally divided into two main groups: Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Hodgkin's disease represents only a small percentage of cases of malignant lymphoma. The term "non-Hodgkin's lymphoma" (NHL) is used to describe a diverse group of malignant conditions that affect the lymphatic-immune system. The NHLs are the fifth most common forms of cancer diagnosed in the United States, and incidence continues to rise. Treatment of NHL has traditionally involved a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Monoclonal antibody therapy was recently added to these options. This therapy involves agents that have specific antitumor activity. The monoclonal antibodies used to treat certain types of NHL are designed to bind to the CD20 antigen expressed on the surfaces of malignant and normal B-lymphocytes.
Native to Mexico and other Southwestern regions, nopal, a member of the cactus family, is commonly referred to as “prickley pear? Nopal is a great source of vitamin C and extremely nutritious. Nopal provides essential amino acids in the form of easily-digestible protein, and nopal also contains some mucilage and pectins that help support the digestive system.
As a diuretic, nopal helps prevent sugars, fat and starch from entering into the bloodstream and attaching to artery walls. Nopal supports healthy liver and pancreas functions and is beneficial for the prostate gland.
Nopal stimulates urine flow, neutralizing toxins and waste in the body. Nopal helps cleanse the bladder and lymphatic system, lowering sugar levels in the blood.
Nopal may also be used to help reduce fevers by stimulating perspiration. Nopal has been known to treat respiratory problems and contribute to the lowering of blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
See acetaminophen and hydrocodone
Epistaxis means bleeding from the nose, and winter means cold dry air outside, and warm dry air inside. That can add up to frequent bleeding from the nose.
This type of bleeding comes from the breaking open of small capillaries in the mucous membranes of the cartilage septum which divides the nose into two passageways. The cause of bleeding is due to a drying out of the membranes because of a lack of moisture in the air both inside and outside the home.
Bleeding is usually slight or moderate at most, for it comes from very small capillaries. Because of its location, bleeding can be stopped pretty easily by direct pressure with the finger pressed over the nostril on the involved side. Sometimes it is helpful for you to sit down, relax, and place cold compresses over your face and nose.
See tolnaftate topical
- 1. either of the membranes, inner and outer, comprising the nuclear envelope.
- 2. nuclear envelope.
A high-molecular-weight nucleotide polymer. There are two types: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a complex nucleoprotein made up of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and a histone, the principal constituent of chromatin.
A rounded refractile body present in the nucleus of most cells, which is the site of synthesis of ribosomal RNA, becoming enlarged during periods of synthesis and atrophied during quiescent periods; it consists of a mixed granular (pars granulosa) and a fibrillar (pars fibrosa) portion. Multiple nucleoli occur in some cells. Called also micronucleus.
The protoplasm composing the nucleus of a cell; karyoplasm.
A heterocyclic nitrogenous base, particularly a purine or pyrimidine, in N-glycosidic linkage with a sugar, particularly a pentose; it is often used specifically to denote a compound obtained by hydrolysis of nucleic acids, a purine or pyrimidine linked to ribose or deoxyribose, e.g., adenosine or cytidine.
Any of several compounds that consist of a ribose or deoxyribose sugar joined to a purine or pyrimidine base and to a phosphate group and that are the basic structural units of RNA and DNA.
- 1. the central core of an object or body.
- 2. a cell nucleus: a spheroid body within a cell, consisting of a number of characteristic organelles visible with the optical microscope, a thin nuclear membrane, a nucleolus or nucleoli, irregular granules of chromatin and linin, and a diffuse nucleoplasm.
- 3. a group of nerve cells ordinarily located within the central nervous system and bearing a direct relationship to the fibers of a particular nerve.
- 4. in organic chemistry, the combination of atoms forming the central element or basic framework of the molecule of a specific compound or class of compounds.
Also caudate nucleus. An elongated, arched gray mass closely related to the lateral ventricle throughout its entire extent and consisting of a head, body, and tail. The caudate nucleus and putamen form a functional unit (the neostriatum) of the corpus striatum.
Also lentiform nucleus. The part of the corpus striatum somewhat resembling a biconvex lens, divided into an external, larger, lateral part, the putamen, and an internal, smaller, lighter colored medial part (globus pallidus), which is in turn subdivided into a smaller, medial, and a larger, lateral part by the medial medullary lamina.
A species of atom characterized by the atomic number, mass number, and quantum state of its nucleus, and capable of existing for a measurable lifetime (generally greater than 10-10 sec). Thus nuclear isomers are separate nuclides, but promptly decaying excited nuclear states and unstable intermediates in nuclear reactions are not so considered.